Medieval Studies



I. Comprehensive Bibliographies and Manuals; II. Serial Bibliographies; III. Hagiographical Societies; IV. Encyclopedias and Dictionaries; V. Major Collections of Primary Sources; VI. Repertories of Hagiographical Texts (By Language: Latin, Greek, Vernaculars; By Region); VIII. Catalogues of Hagiographical Manuscripts; IX. Selected General Studies, Histories, and Collections; X. Legendaries; XI. Martyrologies; XII. Litanies of the Saints; XIII. Translations and Relics; XIV. Iconography of the Saints; XV. Hagiographical Themes and Motifs

I. Comprehensive Bibliographies, Manuals, and Online Resources:

*René Aigrain, L’Hagiographie: ses sources, ses méthodes, son histoire, new ed. by Robert Godding, Subsidia hagiographica, 80 (Brussels, 2000). 922 Su16 no. 80 STX. Includes a new “Complément bibliographique,” pp. 389-490.

*Jacques Berlioz et al., Identifier sources et citations, L’Atelier du médiéviste 1 (Turnhout, 1994), pp. 191-200.

*Jacques Dubois and Jean-Loup Lemaitre, Sources et méthodes de l’hagiographie médiévale (Paris, 1993). 016.2820922D852s CLX.

Sofia Boesch Gajano, Agiografia altomedioevale (Bologne, 1976). 922Ag47 STX. Includes “Indicazioni bibliographiche per ulteriori approfondimenti,” pp. 259-300.

Réginald Grégoire, Manuale di agiologia: Introduzione alla letteratura agiographica, 2nd ed. (Fabriano, 1996). 235.2 G861m1996 CLX.

Thomas Head, Hagiography. Splendid on-line resource with extensive general and specialized bibliographies. Includes:

The Cult of the Saints in the Late Roman Empire: A Bibliography.

The Cult of the Saints in the Carolingian Empire: A Bibliography.

The Cult of the Saints from the Tenth through the Twelfth Centuries: A Bibliography.

The Cult of the Saints in the Barbarian Empire: A Bibliography.

Female Sanctity in the Later Middle Ages: A Bibliography.

The Mendicant Orders and Sanctity in the Thirteenth Century: A Bibliography.

New Saints of the Eleventh and Twelfth Centuries

“Hagiography from before 1000 AD in English Translation.”

Graham Jones, Aids for Studying Saints’ Cults - and the Middle Ages.

Andrew Louth, “Hagiography,” in The Cambridge History of Early Christian Literature, ed. Frances Young, Lewis Ayres and Andrew Louth (Cambridge, 2004), pp. 358-361; consolidated bibliography at pp. 495-530.

Hagiographie/Hagiologie, special issue, Le medieviste et l’ordinateur 34 (Winter 1997).

E. Paoli, ed., “Gli studi agiografici sul medioevo in Europa (1968-1998),” Hagiographica 6 (1999), 1-168. Not in UIL.

*Guy Philippart, ed., Hagiographies. Histoire internationale de la littérature hagiographique, latine et vernaculaire, de l’Occident des origines à 1550, 4 vols. to date (Turnhout, 1994- ). Essays by various hands on the hagiography of specific regions and languages. 270.0922 H123 EGR. The website includes a “Base de données géographiques et chronologiques de la littérature et des manuscrits hagiographiques latins” that enables you to generate a list of BHL numbers for any saint, and a “liste des datations des textes hagiographiques latins.”

Joseph-Claude Poulin, Les sources de l’histoire médiévale.  L’hagiographie.

TASC:  Transnational Database and Atlas of Saints’ Cults.

*David Townsend, “Hagiography,” in Medieval Latin: An Introduction and Bibliographical Guide, ed. F. A. C. Mantello and A. G. Rigg (Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 618-28.

Anne-Marie Bultot-Verleysen, L’hagiographie médiolatine (5e-15e s.).

*Stephen Wilson, “Annotated Bibliography,” in Saints and Their Cults, ed. Wilson (Cambridge, 1983), pp. 309-417. 270Sa28 EGR. Focus is on aspects of cult rather than on vitae, but the coverage is broad. Topically organized. See also the extensive bibliography in Vauchez, Sainthood in the Later Middle Ages, cited below under General Studies.

II. Serial Bibliographies:

Analecta Bollandiana (Brussels, 1882- ). 922.05 AN STX. See the annual “Bulletin des publications hagiographiques.” For an index, see François Halkin, Analecta Bollandiana. Inventaire hagiographiques des tomes 1-100 (1882-1982) (Brussels, 1983). The cumulative index is not in UIL, but see the previous indices to Vols. 1 (1882)-20 (1901); 21 (1902)-40 (1922); 41 (1923)-60 (1942); 61 (1943)-80 (1962); 81 (1963)- 100 (1982); 101 (1983)- 120 (2002).

Hagiographica. Rivista dell Societé internazionale per lo studio del medioevo latino (Spoleto, 1994- ). Not in UIL.

Medioevo Latino (Spoleto, 1980- ). References are listed alphabetically by (Latin) name of saint in part I, “Autore e Testi,” under the heading “Vitae” (in the database, search “Anonymous Works”); beginning with vol. XXII, the “Vitae” entries were moved to the section “Forme e generi de testi: Agiografia.”

Brepols Medieval Bibliographies.

See also the serial bibliographies for ecclesiastical history listed in the separate bibliography on General Bibliographies, Reference Works, and Internet Resources.

III. Hagiographical Societies:

Société des Bollandistes, Christian Hagiography. Essential site; includes a bibliographical section “Essential Tools.”

Hagiography worldwide. Bollandist list of Hagiographical Associations.

Hagiography Society.

Hagiologia. Atelier belge d’études sur la sanctité. Includes a Newsletter, Litterae Hagiologicae.

Italian Association for the Study of Sanctity, Cults and Hagiography.

IV. Encyclopedias and Dictionaries:

Bibliotheca Sanctorum, ed. Iosepho Vizzini et al., 12 vols. and index (Rome, 1961-70); Supplement, 1987. Q.922.22B47 STX. The standard and most complete reference guide to individual saints.

Jules Baudot, Paul Antin, and Jacques Dubois, ed., Vies des saints et des bienheureux selon l’ordre du calendrier par les reverends pères bénédictins de Paris, 13 vols. (Paris, 1935-59). Not in UIL.

André Mandouze, André Vauchez, et al., ed., Histoire des saints et de la sainteté chrétienne, 11 vols. (Paris, 1986-90). Not in UIL.

Claudio Leonardi et al., Il Grande Libro dei Santi, 3 vols. (Cinisello Balsamo, 1998). Not in UIL.

The Book of Saints: A Dictionary of Persons Canonized or Beatified by the Catholic Church. Compiled by the Benedictine monks of St. Augustine’s Abbey, Ramsgate, 5th ed. (New York, 1966). 922 B6441966 REF.

Donald Attwater with Catherine Rachel John, 3rd ed. The Penguin Dictionary of Saints (Harmondsworth, 1995). UIL has 1st ed. 922.22At8p1973 STX. The most convenient single-volume quick reference in English; appendix gives calendar of saints’ feast-days.

Hugh Farmer, The Oxford Dictionary of Saints, 4th ed. (Oxford, 1997). 922.22 F220 1987. Includes mainly saints from the British Isles and saints culted in Britain; includes calendar of feast-days.

Glen Gunhouse, On-line Calendar of Saints’ Days.

Calendoscope.  Logiciel d’aide à l’identification des calendriers liturgiques médiévaux.

F. G. Holweck, A Biographical Dictionary of the Saints (New York, 1924). 922H74b STX.

Paul Halsall, Internet Medieval Source Book.  Saints’ Lives.

The following major biographical dictionaries include entries on saints:

Friedrich Wilhelm Bautz, ed., Biographisch-Bibliographisches Kirchenlexikon, 14 vols. (Herzberg, 1970-1998). 922B3292B STX. The on-line version is incomplete.

Henry Wace et al., ed., A Dictionary of Christian Biography and Literature to the End of the Sixth Century A.D., 2 vols. (London, 1911). 203 W11D CLR.

The standard ecclesiastical encyclopedias are also valuable for all aspects of hagiography; see the separate bibliography on Medieval Christianity and Ecclesiastical Sources.

V. Major Collections of Primary Sources:

Société des Bollandistes, Acta Sanctorum quotquot toto orbe coluntur [searchable on-line version], 68 vols. (Brussels, 1643-1940; rep. 1965). Organized by month, but incomplete (November and December). UIL has 3rd ed. (Paris, 60 vols., with Index by L. M. Rigollet) and Brussels 1965 reprint, q922Ac8 1965 STX. For an analysis of the various editions of AASS, see Repertorium Fontium Historiae Medii Aevi, I (Rome, 1962), pp. 16-17. Supplemented by Propylaeum ad Acta Sanctorum Novembris (1902); Propylaeum ad Acta Sanctorum Decembris. Martyrologium Romanum ad formam editionis typicae scholiis historicis instructam (1940); and Commentariius perpetuus in Martyrologium Hieronimianum (1931). The on-line database can be searched by keyword, saints’ name (Latin form), title of work, feast day, or BHL number (select “BHL Go To”). You can search all or just the indices. Note that in the Search All screen you can click a box that will simultaneously search the Patrologia Latina database. The “Lexicon” is a searchable version of the 1984 ed. of Niermeyer’s Mediae latinitatis lexicon minus. “Table of Contents” allows you to download texts for each month (large files!).

On the Bollandists see Hippolyte Delehaye, The Work of the Bollandists through Three Centuries, 1615-1915 (Princeton, 1922), 271.5 D37OE STX; David Knowles, Great Historical Enterprises (London, 1964), pp. 1-32. 907.2 K76G STX, HIX, UGX.

L. D’Achery and J. Mabillon, Acta Sanctorum Ordinis Sancti Benedicti, 9 vols. (Paris, 1668- 1701; repr. Matiscone, 1935). Q. 922.2 AC8121935 STX.

Boninus Mombritius, Sanctuarium seu Vitae Sanctorum (Milan, ?1447/78). Not in UIL.

Butler’s Lives of the Saints, rev. ed. H. Thurston and D. Attwater (New York, 1956). 922B97l1926 STX; new revised ed. by Paul Burns (Collegeville, MN, 1995- ). A popular rather than scholarly resource, but provides potted English biographies of many saints.

Legenda aurea:

Jacobus de Voragine, Legenda aurea, ed. Th. Graesse (1890). Available in English translation: The Golden Legend of the Saints, trans. W. G. Granger, 2 vols. (Princeton, 1993). An index of the contents is available on-line.

La Légende dorée.  Jacques de Voragine, ed. Alain Boureau (Paris, 2004). 875 J15l.Fb STX.

Alain Boureau, La Légende dorée: le système narratif de Jacques de Vorgine (Paris, 1994). 875 J15LYBO STX.

Brenda Dunn-Lardeau, ed., Legenda aurea, sept siècles de diffusion: actes du colloque international sur la Legenda aurea, texte latin et branches vernaculaires à l’Université du Québec à Montréal, 11-12 mai 1983 (Montreal, 1986). 282.0922 C698L STX.

Barbara Fleith, Studien zur Überlieferungsgeschichte der lateinische Legenda Aurea, Subsidia hagiographica 72 (Brussels, 1991). 922Su16 no. 72 STX.

Barbara Fleith and Franco Morenzoni, ed., De la sainteté a l’hagiographie: genèse et usage de la Légende dorée (Genève, 2001). 875 J15lYs STX.

Barbara Fleith, “The Patristic Sources of the Legenda aurea.  A Research Report,” in The Reception of the Church Fathers in the West from the Carolingians to the Maurists, ed. Irena Backus, 2 vols. (Leiden, 1997), I, 231-88.  270.107 R24 v.1 STX.

Sherry L. Reames, The Legenda aurea: A Reexamination of its Paradoxical History (Madison, 1985). 270.0922 R23L HIX.

For other medieval and post-medieval hagiographical compendia, see Dubois and Lemaitre, Sources et méthodes, pp. 33-57.

Internet Medieval Sourcebook, Saints’ Lives. Inventory of texts and translations available on the web; partly overlaps with the following.

VI. Repertories of Hagiographical Texts:

By language:


*Bibliotheca hagiographica latina antiquae et mediae aetatis, Subsidia hagiographica 6, 2 vols. (Brussels, 1898- 1901); [electronic copy at Gallica; also available on Google Books: v. 1; v. 2. With a Supplément, Subsidia Hagiographica 12 (Brussels, 1911); Novum Supplementum, ed. Henryk Fros, Subsidia Hagiographica 70 (Brussels, 1986). 922Su16 no. 6; no. 12; no. 70. See also H. Fros, “Inédits non recensés dans la BHL,” Analecta Bollandiana 102 (1984), 163-96, 355-80.

An on-line searchable database of the Bollandists’ catalogues of hagiographical manuscripts is available as Index analytique des Catalogues de manuscrits hagiographiques latins publiés par la Société des Bollandistes établi par Michel Trigalet et al. Use to establish the dossier of a saint by name, search for a hagiographical text by its BHL number, and to locate catalogue references for the hagiographical manuscript holdings of selected major libraries.’

Greek (Byzantine):

François Halkin, Bibliotheca hagiographica graeca, 3rd ed., Subsidia Hagiographica 8A, 3 vols. (Brussels, 1957; idem, Novum auctarium Bibliotheca hagiographicae graecae, Subsidia hagiographica 65 (Brussels, 1984). 922Su16 nos. 8A, 65.

Hagiography Database (Dumbarton Oaks).

Survey of Translations of Byzantine Saints’ Lives.

Bibliotheca hagiographica orientalis, ed. Paul Peeters, Subsidia hagiographica 10 (Brussels, 1910). 922Su16 no. 10.

Medieval Vernaculars:

See Philippart, ed., Hagiographies, which covers vernacular as well as saints’ lives.

Thomas Head, “A Guide to Late Antique and Medieval Hagiography,” 1/5: Guides to hagiographic sources in vernacular languages.”

Lives of the Saints: The Medieval French Hagiography Project.

R. Godding, “Bibliotheca hagiographica vulgaris. Revues et sociétés d’hagiographie. De l’ancien et du nouveau,” Analecta Bollandiana, 113 (1995), 151-54.

A. Nicholls, “The Corpus of Prose Saints’ Lives and Hagiographic Pieces in Old English and its Manuscript Distribution,” Reading Medieval Studies 19 (1993), 73-96; 20 (1994), 51-87. 909.105 RE STX.

Gordon Whatley, “Acta Sanctorum,” in Sources of Anglo-Saxon Literary Culture, ed. Frederick M. Biggs et al. (Kalamazoo, 2001), pp. 22-486. Comprehensive coverage of transmission and translations of saints lives in Anglo-Saxon England.

J. B. Severs and Albert Hartung, gen. ed., A Manual of the Writings in Middle English 1050-1400 (Hamden, CN, 1967- ), vol. II: The Pearl Poet; Wyclyf and His Followers; Translations and Paraphrases of the Bible and Commentaries; Saints’ Legends; Instructions for Religious. 820.9W59m EGR.

Charles Plummer, “A Tentative Catalogue of Irish Hagiography,” in Miscellanea hagiographica hibernica, Subsidia hagiographica 15 (Brussels, 1925). 922 P73M STX.

Ole Widding, Hans Bekker-Nielsen, and Laurence Shook, “The Lives of the Saints in Old Norse Prose: A Handlist,” Mediaeval Studies 25 (1963), 294-337. 940.1 M468 STX.

By period:

Roman Martyrs Database.

E. Dekkers and A. Gaar, Clavis Patrum Latinorum, 3rd ed. (Steenbrugge, 1995). 016.2811 D36C 1995 CLR. For Latin vitae up to the time of Bede.

Hermann J. Frede, Kirchenschriftsteller: Verzeichnis und Sigel, 4th ed., Vetus Latina 1/1 (Freiburg, 1996). Q.220.47 B471949 v.1:1 ed. 3 CLR. Lists saints’ lives up to c. 800 under the alphabetical heading A-SS.

“Biographies spirituelles,” in Dictionnaire de spiritualité, ascétique et mystique, ed. M. Villier et al. (Paris, 1932- ), I, 1646-78. q282.03 D561 CLR. Chronological listing by century, with topical subdivisions (e.g. by religious order).

By Region:

Jacques Dalarun and Lino Leonardi, Biblioteca agiografica italiana (BAI). Repertorio di testi e manoscritti, secoli XIII-XV, 2 vols., with CD-ROM. Not in UIL.

Michael Lapidge and Richard Sharpe, A Bibliography of Celtic-Latin Literature 400-1200 (Dublin, 1985). 016.87 L314B c.1 EGR (kept behind circulation desk). See also R. Sharpe, Medieval Irish Saints’ Lives: An Introduction to the Vitae Sanctorum Hiberniae (Oxford, 1991).

Richard J. Sharpe, A Handlist of the Latin Writers of Great Britain and Ireland before 1540, Publications of the Journal of Medieval Latin 1 (Turnhout, 1997). 016.875Sh24h CLR. For vitae by named authors.

John Blair, “A Handlist of Anglo-Saxon Saints,” in Alan Thacker and Richard Sharpe, Local Saints and Local Churches in the Early Medieval West (Oxford, 2002). 270.0922 L786 HIX.

Rebecca Rushforth, An Atlas of Saints in Anglo-Saxon Calendars (Cambridge, 2002).  Q.270.0922 R895a STX.

M. C. Díaz y Díaz, Index Scriptorum Latinorum Medii Aevi Hispanorum (Madrid, 1959). 016.875D54i 1959 STX, CLR.

Marie-Hélène Jullien and Françoise Perelman, Clavis Scriptorum Latinorum Medii Aevi, Auctores Galliae 735-987 (Turnhout, 1994- ). Includes vitae and other hagiographical texts attributed to named authors. 016C578v.1 and Index STX.

Ferdinand Lot et al., “Vitae, Passiones, Miracula, Translationes sanctorum Galliae (500-1000),” Archivum latinitatis medii aevi 14 (1939), 183-225; “Vitae, Passiones, Miracula, Translationes sanctorum Galliae necnon alia opera saeculum XI in Gallia exarata (a. 1000-1108),” Archivium latinitatis medii aevi 18 (1943), 5-39.

Joseph-Claude Poulin, “Les sources hagiographiques narratives composées en Gaule avant l’an mil (SHG). Inventaire, examen critique, datation (avec Annexe),” Francia 15 (1987), 701-31.

Joseph-Claude Poulin, L’ideal de sainteté dans l’Aquitaine carolingienne d’après les sources hagiographiques (750-950) (Quebec City, 1975). 270.3 P863I STX.

Léopold Genicot and Paul Tombeur, ed., Index scriptorum operumque latino-belgicorum medii aevi, 3 vols. in 4 (Turnhout, 1973-). Not in UIL.

The Narrative Sources from the Medieval Low Countries.  Use the database to search Vitae.

M. Carasso-Kok, Repertorium van verhalende historische bronnen uit de middeleeuwen: heiligenlevens, annalen, kronieken en andere in Nederland geschreven verhalende bronnen (’s-Gravenhage, 1981). 016.9492 C176R STX.

VII. Catalogues of Hagiographical Manuscripts:

For a list of published catalogues by city and library see Dubois and Lemaitre, Sources et méthodes, pp. 27-32. To keep up to date, consult the annual “Catalogues de manuscrits latins: Inventaire hagiographique” in Analecta Bollandiana as well as the section “Catalogi di manoscritti” in Medioevo Latino. Manuscripts of individual texts can be located via the Bollandist’s website (above). For legendaries and martyrologies, see below.

Géographie et chronologie de l’hagiographie latine / Catalogues de manuscrits hagiographiques ("Légendiers latins"). In progress.

See also the separate bibliography on Medieval and Modern Manuscript Catalogues; indices of print catalogues usually include names of saints, and online catalogues can be searched by saints’ names, e.g.:

Index of Manuscripts in the British Library, 10 vols. (London, 1985). Q.018.131B777i REX.

The British Library, Manuscripts Catalogue.

Some major catalogues of hagiographical manuscripts:

Catalogus codicum hagiographicorum bibliothecae regiae Bruxellensis: Pars I. Codices Latini membranei, Subsidia hagiographica 1 (Brussels, 1886-1889).

Catalogus codicum hagiographicorum latinorum antiquiorum saeculo XVI qui asservantur in Bibliotheca nationali Parisiensi, 4 vols., Subsidia Hagiographica 2 (Brussels, 1889-1893).

Catalogus codicum hagiographicorum latinorum bibliothecarum romanarum praeter quam Vaticanae, Subsidia hagiographica (Brussels, 1909).

Catalogus codicum hagiographicorum latinorum Bibliothecae Vaticanae, Subsidia hagiographica 11 (Brussels, 1910).

Lidia Perria, I manoscritti citati da Albert Ehrhard: indice di A. Ehrhard, Überlieferung und Bestand der hagiographischen und homiletischen Literatur der griechischen Kirche, I-III, Leipzig-Berlin 1937-1952 (Rome, 1979). 270.3 P428M CLX, STX.

VIII. Selected General Studies, Histories, and Collections:

[For a fuller list, see Godding, “Complément Bibliographique,” in Aigrain, L’Hagiographie, pp. 396-400].

Barbara Abou-el-Haj, The Medieval Cult of Saints: Formations and Transformations (Binghamton, 1993). 235.2094 AB76M STX, ARX.

Hans Bekker-Nielsen et al., ed., Hagiography and Medieval Literature: A Symposium (Odense, 1981).

Walter Berschin, Biographie und Epochenstil im lateinischen Mittelalter, 4 vols. (Stuttgart, 1986-99). 875.9B46B HIX.

Etienne Renard, Michel Trigalet, Xavier Hermand and Paul Bertrand, Scribere sanctorum gesta: Recueil d’études d’hagiographie médiévale offert à Guy Philippart, Hagiologia, Etudes sur la Sainteté en Occident 3 (Turnhout, 2005), pp. 135-56.

Renate Blumenfeld-Kosinski and Timea Szell, Images of Sainthood in Medieval Europe (Ithaca, NY, 1991). 235.20940902 IM1 STX.

Peter Brown, The Cult of the Saints: Its Rise and Function in Latin Christianity (Chicago, 1981). 270.2 B814C ARX.

Peter Brown, Society and the Holy in Late Antiquity (Chicago, 1982). 270.2 B814S HIX, UGX.

Paul Clogan, ed. Medieval Hagiogarphy and Romance, Medievalia et Humanistica n.s. 6 (1975). 905 MED CLX.

John Crook, The Architectural Setting of the Cult of the Saints in the Early Christian West, c. 300-c. 1200 (Oxford, 2000).

de Gaiffier, Baudoiun, Études critiques d’hagiographie et d’iconologie, Subsidia hagiographica 43 (Brussels, 1967). 922 SU16 no. 43 STX.

Hippolyte Delehaye, The Legends of the Saints, trans. Donald Attwater (New York, 1962). 922 D37LEA EGR. The 1907 trans. by V. M. Crawford is available on-line.

Hippolyte Delehaye, Cinq leçons sur la méthode hagiographique, Subsidia hagiographica 21 (Brussels, 1934 and 1968). 922 SU16 no. 21.

James W. Earl, Literary Problems in Early Medieval Hagiography (diss. Cornell Univ., 1973). 922.22 EA7L1975 STX.

Alison Goddard Elliott, Roads to Paradise: Reading the Lives of the Early Saints (Hanover, NH, 1987). 809.93527 EL57R STX.

Patrick Geary, Living with the Dead in the Middle Ages (Ithaca, 1994). 235 G262L STX.

Pamela Gehrke, Saints & Scribes: Medieval Hagiography in Its Manuscript Context, University of California Publications in Modern Philology 126 (Berkeley, 1993).

Robert Folz, Les saints rois du moyen âge en occident, VIe-XIIIe siècles, Subsidia Hagiogaphica 68 (Brussels, 1984). 235.209401 F731S STX.

Les Fonctions des saints dans le monde occidental (IIIe-XIIIe siècle) : actes du colloque organisé par l’Ecole française de Rome avec le concours de l’Université de Rome “La Sapienza”; Rome, 27-29 octobre 1988 (Rome, 1991). 280.092 F732 STX.

Frantisekv Graus, Volk, Herrscher und Heiliger im Reich der Merowinger: Studien zur Hagiographie der Merowingerzeit (Prague, 1965). 944.01 G92V STX.

Hagiographie, cultures et sociétés IVe-XIIe siècles (Paris, 1981). 235.2 H123 STX.

Thomas Head, Hagiography and the Cult of Saints: The Diocese of Orléans, 800-1200 (Cambridge, 1990). 235.209445 H344H HIX.

Thomas Head, ed., Medieval Hagiography: An Anthology (New York, 2000). 270.30922 M468 HIX.

Thomas Head and Thomas F. X. Noble, Soldiers of Christ: Saints and Saints’ Lives from Late Antiquity and the Early Middle Ages (University Park, PA, 1995). 274.030922 SO42 STX.

Thomas J. Heffernan, Sacred Biography: Saints and Their Biographies in the Middle Ages (New York, 1988). 820.9H361s STX.

Martin Heinzelmann, Manuscrits hagiographiques et travail des hagiographes (Sigmaringen, 1992). 282.0922 M319 STX.

Charles W. Jones, Saints’ Lives and Chronicles in Early England (1947). 922.2 J712S STX.

Jean Leclercq, Les Martyrs: Recueil de pièces authentiques sur les martyrs depuis les origines du christianisme jusqu’au XX° siècle.

Susan Ridyard, The Royal Saints of Anglo-Saxon England: A Study of West Saxon and East Anglian Cults (Cambridge, 1988). 274.203 R439R STX.

David Rollason, Saints and Relics in Anglo-Saxon England (Oxford, 1989). 235.2 R647S STX.

Jean-Claude Schmitt, The Holy Greyhound: Guinefort, Healer of Children since the Thirteenth Century, trans. Martin Thom (Cambridge, 1983). 398.245 SCH56S:E STX.

Sandro Sticca, ed., Saints: Studies in Hagiography, Medieval & Renaissance Texts & Studies 141 (Binghamton, 1996). Not in UIL.

Alan Thacker and Richard Sharpe, Local Saints and Local Churches in the Early Medieval West (Oxford, 2002). 270.0922 L786 HIX.

André Vauchez, Sainthood in the Later Middle Ages, trans. Jean Birrell (Cambridge, 1987). 235.24v462s HIX.

IX. Legendaries:

Guy Philippart, Les légendiers et autres manuscrits hagiographiques, Typologie des sources du moyen âge occidental, 24-25 (Turnhout, 1977). 282.0922P538L STX.

Baudoin de Gaiffier, “A propos des légendiers latins,” Analecta Bollandiana 97 (1979), 57-68.

X. Martyrologies:

Jacques Dubois, Les martyrologes de moyen âge, Typologie des sources du moyen âge occidental 26 (Turnhout, 1978). 272 D85M STX.

Jacques Dubois, Édition pratique des martyrologes de Béde, de l’Anonyme lyonnais et de Florus (Paris, 1976). Q. 272 D85E STX.

Jacques Dubois, Martryologes, du martyrologe d’Usuard au martyrologe romaine (Fleury, 1990). Collection of essays.

Henri Quentin, Les Martyrologes historiques du moyen âge. Étude sur la formation du martyrologe romain (Paris, 1908). 922.2 Q34M1908 CLX.

J. B. De Rossi and L. Duchesne, ed., Martyrologium Hieronymianum ad fidem codicum adiectis prolegomenis, Acta Sanctorum, 65 (Paris, 1894).

H. Delehaye, Commentarium Perpetuus in Martyrologium Hieronymianum, Acta Sanctorum, 66 (Brussels, 1931).

Jacques Dubois, Le Martyrologe d’Usuard, Texte et commentaire, Subsidia hagiographica 40 (Brussels, 1965). 922 SU16 no. 40.

Roman Martyrology (1749).

Christine Rauer, The Old English Martyrology: A Bibliography.

For further references see Dubois and Lemaitre, Sources et méthodes, pp. 103-34.

XI. Litanies of the Saints:

P. M. Coens, “Anciennes litanies des saints,” Analecta Bollandiana 54 (1936), 5-37; 55 (1937), 49-69; 59 (1941), 272-98; 62 (1944), 126-68; repr. in his Recueil d’études bollandiennes, Subsidia hagiographica 37 (Brussels, 1963), pp. 129-322. 922 SU16 no. 37.

Astrid Krüger, Litanei-Handschriften der Karolingerzeit, MGH Hilfsmittel 24 (Hannover, 2007). 264.130903 K939l CLR.

Michael Lapidge, ed., Anglo-Saxon Litanies of the Saints, Henry Bradshaw Society 106 (London, 1991).

XII. Translations and Relics:

Martin Heinzelmann, Translationsberichte und andere Quellen des Reliquienkultes, Typolgie des sources du moyen âge occidental 33 (Turnhout, 1970). 016.4177 F279I STX.

Henri Fros, “Liste des translations et inventions de l’époque carolingienne,” Analecta Bollandiana, 104 (1986), 427-29.

Liturgische Geräte, Kreuze und Reliquiare der christlichen Kirchen: Systematisches Fachwörterbuch = Objets liturgiques, croix et reliquaires des eglises chretiennes: Dictionaire spécialisé et systématique, Glossarium artis, 2, 2nd ed. (Munich, 1982). 704.9482 L7371982 STX.

Reliques et sainteté dans l’espace médiéval, ed. Jean-Luc Deuffic, Pecia 8-11 (Saint-Denis, 2006). 235.2 R279 ARX.

Patrick J. Geary, Furta Sacra: Theft of Relics in the Central Middle Ages (Princeton, 1978). 364.162 G26F HIX.

On relics and reliquaries see Dubois and Lemaitre, Sources et méthodes, pp. 247-319.  On relic tags (“authentiques”) see “Authentiques de reliques: authentiques ou reliques,” Le Moyen Âge 112 (2006), 363-74.

XIII. Iconography of the Saints:

Bibliotheca Sanctorum (see above, under General Reference Works).

Joseph Braun, Tracht und Attribute der Heiligen in der deutschen Kunst (Stuttgart, 1943). 704.948 B73T STX, ARR.

Maurice and Wilfred Drake, Saints and Their Emblems (London, 1916). q704.9486D78s. Valuable for its alphabetical list of emblems in part 2, pp. 139-230.

Louis Goosen, Dizionario dei santi: storia, letteratura, arte e musica (Milan, 2000). 270.0922 G644v:I MDR.

George Kaftal, Iconography of the Saints in Italian Painting from its Beginnings to the Early XVIth Century, 4 vols. (Florence, 1952- ). Q. 759.5 K11IC ARR.

Engelbert Kirschbaum, ed., Lexikon der christlichen Ikonographie, 8 vols. (Freiburg im Breisgau, 1968-76), vols. 5-8. 704.9482 L59 ARR. V-VIII: Ikonographie der Heiligen.

R. L. P. Milburn, Saints and Their Emblems in English Churches (Oxford, 1957). 246 M59S1957 ARR. Limited value, no references.

Louis Réau, Iconographie de l’art chrétien, 3 vols. in 6 (Paris, 1955-59). 704.94 R23I ARR. III: Iconographie des Saints. The index includes a list of saints by name with variant forms and spellings.

Mercedes Rochelle, Post-Biblical Saints Art Index: A Locator of Paintings, Sculptures, Mosaics, Icons, Frescoes, Manuscript Illuminations, Sketches, Woodcuts, and Engravings, created from the 4th Century to 1950, with a Directory of the Institutions holding Them (Jefferson, NC, 1994). 704.94863074 R585P ARR.

Leslie Ross, Text, Image, Message: Saints in Medieval Manuscript Illustrations (Westport, CN, 1994). 745.67094 R733T ARX.

G. Duchet-Suchaux and M. Pastoureau, The Bible and The Saints, trans. David Howell (Paris, 1994). Not in UIL. Brief entries and limited citations; for quick reference.

For more specialized studies see Dubois and Lemaitre, Sources et méthodes, pp. 211-45; Kaske, Medieval Christian Literary Imagery, pp.100-101; John B. Friedman and Jessica Wegmann, Medieval Iconography: A Research Guide (New York, 1998), pp. 240-45; Wilson, “Annotated Bibliography,” in Saints and Their Cults, pp. 346-52 (“Saints in Western Art”).

Iconographic Databases:

H. van de Waal, Iconclass: An Iconographic Classification System (Amsterdam, 1973- ), 8 vols. and 3 vols. of indices. 025.467 W154i ARR. Comprehensive coverage of both secular and religious iconography. Use the on-line database or the 3 vols. of subject indices in the print version to locate the classification number for an iconographic image, then consult the relevant “System” and “Bibliography” volumes for lists of keywords and references.

ATLA Religion Index.

Art Full Text Database.

Art Index Retrospective.

Bibliography of the History of Art.

Princeton Index of Christian Art.

See also the separate bibliography on Iconography.

XIV. Hagiographical Themes and Motifs:

A. J. Festugière, “Lieux commun littéraires et thèmes de folklore dans l’hagiographie primitive,” Wiener Studien 73 (1960), 123-52.

Baudouin de Gaiffier, “Les thèmes hagiographiques. Est-il possible d’établir pour chacun d’eux une filiation?” Revue d’histoire ecclésiastique 77 (1982), 78-81.

Alison Goddard Elliott, Roads to Paradise: Reading the Lives of the Early Saints (Hanover, ). 809.93527 EL57R STX.

Charles G. Loomis, White Magic: An Introduction to the Folklore of Christian Legend (Cambridge, MA, 1948). 133.4 L87W STX.

Dorothy Ann Bray, A List of Motifs in the Lives of the Early Irish Saints, Folklore Fellows Communications 252 (Helsinki, 1992). Not in UIL.

Charles D. Wright

last updated 3/12